NEWS

EU approval will not be renewed for six key PPPs

Key points

EU approval will not be renewed for six PPPs that are important to ACP horticulture :

– thiophanate methyl

– mancozeb

– imidacloprid

– zeta-cypermethrin

– haloxyfop-p

– pencycuron

How will ACP producers/exporters be affected?

Non-renewal means that these PPPs can no longer be legally used within EU countries. But it also has an impact on ACP growers – the EU maximum residue levels (MRLs) will be reduced to the limit of determination (LoD), which in most cases means that they can no longer be used on crops for export to the EU.

What should ACP producers/exporters do now?

If you use these PPPs, start looking for alternatives as soon as possible.

If you have any major concern about these changes, and fear that you will be left without an effective and available alternative, please contact COLEACP at: network@coleacp.org.

COLEACP will keep you informed as soon as more information becomes available.
 

The European Commission (EC) has recently issued notifications of changes to plant protection product (PPP) approvals within the European Union (EU). Approval will not be renewed for six PPPs that are important to ACP horticulture: thiophanate methyl, mancozeb, imidacloprid, zeta-cypermethrin, haloxyfop-p and pencycuron.

This news also summarises all PPP approval changes introduced to date in 2020.

 

Thiophanate-methyl

Thiophanate-methyl is a systemic fungicide with protective and curative activity against a broad spectrum of diseases in fruit, vegetables and other crops.

On 16 October 2020, the EC published Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1498. The approval of thiophanate-methyl is not renewed. Authorisation was withdrawn in the EU on 19 October 2020 and will be withdrawn for use in individual EU Member States, following a grace period for transition, by 19 October 2021.

Mancozeb

Mancozeb is a commonly used fungicide for control of a wide range of pathogens including blights, leaf spots, scabs and rusts on crops.

On 17 April 2020, the EC notified the World Trade Organization of its decision not to renew the approval of mancozeb. The 60-day commenting period is now over.

On 23 October 2020, EU Member States voted in favour of the non-renewal1. The Adopted Regulation should be published in the Official Journal of the European Union in December 2020, with details on the transitional measures and grace period (6 months).

Because the MRLs for mancozeb are grouped with those for all dithiocarbamates, which are currently under review, the MRLs cannot be lowered individually for mancozeb without affecting other substances in the dithiocarbamate group. COLEACP predicts that they are not likely to be lowered before the end of 2021. However, this is not definite and the situation may change. Updated information will be issued as soon as it becomes available.

More details on mancozeb are available in this technical brochure.

Imidacloprid, zeta-cypermethrin, haloxyfop-p and pencycuron

 
  • Imidacloprid is an insecticide used to control sucking and soil insects.
  • Zeta-cypermethrin is an insecticide used to control beetles, aphids and Lepidoptera in a range of crops.
  • Haloxyfop-p is a post-emergence herbicide used to control annual and perennial grass weeds (and also a pesticide transformation product).
  • Pencycuron is a fungicide used mainly to control diseases caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Pellicularia on a range of crops.
The EC had extended the approval periods for a range of substances, including calcium phosphide, denathonium benzoate, haloxyfop-P, imidacloprid, pencycuron and zeta-cypermethrin, to allow sufficient time for their reassessment. However, the PPP manufacturers involved have recently confirmed that they no longer support the renewal of approval for these active substances. As a result, the extensions of the approval periods are no longer justified.

On 6 November 2020 the EC published Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1643 setting the dates for the expiration of approval of:
  • Imidacloprid: 1 December 2020
  • Zeta-cypermethrin: 1 December 2020
  • Haloxyfop-p: 31 December 2020
  • Pencycuron: 31 May 2021
It is expected that the EC will lower the MRLs of these substances at the end of the maximum grace period (18 months). However, this is not definite, and the situation may change. Updated information will be issued as soon as it becomes available.

1 In particular, it was concluded that mancozeb has been classified as toxic for reproduction (category 1B), and criteria to identify endocrine disrupting properties are met for humans, and most likely for non-target organisms.  

Other PPP status changes introduced in October 2020

Table 1 presents the list of all changes to PPP approvals introduced in Commission Implementing Regulations in October 2020.

Table 1 PPP status changes introduced in October 2020

Active substance Key substances for ACP countries Regulation Status Date into force Publication Link
Amidosulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Bifenox   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Chlorotoluron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Clofentezine X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Clomazone   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Cypermethrin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Daminozide   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Deltamethrin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Dicamba   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Difenoconazole X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Diflufenican   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fenoxaprop-P   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
Fenpropidin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fludioxonil X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
flufenacet   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fosthiazate X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
indoxacarb X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
lenacil   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
MCPA   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
MCPB   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
nicosulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
paraffin oils   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
picloram   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
prosulfocarb   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
sulphur X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
triflusulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
tritosulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
thiophanate-methyl X Regulation (EU) 2020/1498 non-renewal 19/04/2021 16/10/2020 link
 

All PPP status changes introduced to-date in 2020

Table 2 presents a review of PPP status changes since the beginning of 2020. If you require additional information, or face particular problems as a result of these changes, please contact COLEACP at: network@coleacp.org.

Table 2 Changes to PPP approvals introduced in Commission Implementing Regulations since the beginning of 2020
Active substance Key substances for ACP countries Regulation Status Date into force Publication Link
thiacloprid X Regulation (EU) 2020/23 non-renewal 03/02/2020 13/01/2020 link
Bacillus subtilis (Cohn 1872) strain QST 713 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Aizawai strains ABTS-1857 and GC-91 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Israeliensis (serotype H-14) strain AM65-52 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki strains ABTS 351, PB 54, SA 11, SA12 and EG 2348 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Beauveria bassiana strains ATCC 74040 and GHA X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
clodinafop Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
clopyralid Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Cydia pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV) Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
cyprodinil X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
dichlorprop-P Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
fenpyroximate Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
fosetyl-aluminium X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Lecanicillium muscarium (formerly ‘Verticillium lecanii’) strain Ve6 Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
mepanipyrim Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Metarhizium anisopliae (var. anisopliae) strain BIPESCO 5/F52 Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
metconazole X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
metrafenone Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Phlebiopsis gigantea strains FOC PG 410.3, VRA 1835 and VRA 1984 Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
pirimicarb X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain MA342 Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
pyrimethanil X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Pythium oligandrum M1 Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
rimsulfuron Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
spinosad X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Streptomyces K61 (formerly ‘S. griseoviridis’) Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Trichoderma asperellum (formerly ‘T. harzianum’) strains ICC012, T25 and TV1 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Trichoderma atroviride (formerly ‘T. harzianum’) strains IMI 206040 and T11 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Trichoderma gamsii (formerly ‘T. viride’) strain ICC080 Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
Trichoderma harzianum strains T-22 and ITEM 908 X Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
triclopyr Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
trinexapac Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
triticonazole Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
ziram Regulation (EU) 2020/421 extension of approval period 08/04/2020 18/03/2020 link
metalaxyl-M X Regulation (EU) 2020/617 renewal of approval of the active substance 01/06/2021 05/05/2020 link
Foramsulfuron Regulation (EU) 2020/616 renewal of approval of the active substance 01/06/2020 05/05/2020 link
Propolis extract Regulation (EU) 2020/640 non-approval 03/06/2020 13/05/2020 link
L-cysteine Regulation (EU) 2020/642 approval 03/06/2020 13/05/2020 link
Saponaria officinalis L. roots Regulation (EU) 2020/643 non-approval 03/06/2020 13/05/2020 link
Lavandulyl senecioate Regulation (EU) 2020/646 approval 03/06/2020 13/05/2020 link
benalaxyl X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
benthiavalicarb Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
bifenazate Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
boscalid X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
bromoxynil Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
captan X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
cyazofamid Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
dimethomorph X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
ethephon X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
etoxazole Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
famoxadone X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
fenamiphos X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
flumioxazine Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
fluoxastrobin X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
folpet X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
formetanate Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
metribuzin Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
Paecilomyces lilacinus strain 251 Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
phenmedipham Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
phosmet Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
pirimiphos-methyl X Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
propamocarb Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
prothioconazole Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
S-metolachlor Regulation (EU) 2020/869 extension of approval period 26/06/2020 25/06/2020 link
beta-cyfluthrin X Regulation (EU) 2020/892 non-renewal 20/07/2020 30/06/2020 link
pyriproxyfen X Regulation (EU) 2020/968 renewal of approval of the active substance 01/08/2020 03/07/2020 link
cow milk Regulation (EU) 2020/1004 approval 31/07/2020 10/07/2020 link
Phlebiopsis gigantea strain VRA 1835 Regulation (EU) 2020/1003 renewal of approval of the active substance 01/09/2020 10/07/2020 link
Phlebiopsis gigantea strain VRA 1984 Regulation (EU) 2020/1003 renewal of approval of the active substance 01/09/2020 10/07/2020 link
Phlebiopsis gigantea strain FOC PG 410.3 Regulation (EU) 2020/1003 renewal of approval of the active substance 01/09/2020 10/07/2020 link
ferric pyrophosphate Regulation (EU) 2020/1018 approval as low risk substance 25/07/2020 14/07/2020 link
aluminium ammonium sulphate Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
aluminium silicate X Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
blood meal Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
calcium carbonate Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
carbon dioxide Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
extract from tea tree Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
fat distillation residues Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
fatty acids C7 to C20 Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
garlic extract Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
gibberellic acid Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
gibberellins Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
hydrolysed proteins X Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
iron sulphate Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
kieselgur (diatomaceous earth) Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
plant oils/rape seed oil Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
potassium hydrogen carbonate Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
quartz sand Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
fish oil Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
repellents by smell of animal or plant origin/sheep fat Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
Straight Chain Lepidopteran Pheromones Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
tebuconazole X Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
urea Regulation (EU) 2020/1160 extension of approval period 06/08/2020 06/08/2020 link
fenamiphos X Regulation (EU) 2020/1246 non-renewal 23/09/2020 02/09/2020 link
sodium hydrogen carbonate Regulation (EU) 2020/1263 approval 02/10/2020 11/09/2020 link
bromoxynil Regulation (EU) 2020/1276 non-renewal 17/09/2020 14/09/2020 link
benalaxyl X Regulation (EU) 2020/1280 non-renewal 06/10/2020 15/09/2020 link
ethametsulfuron-methyl Regulation (EU) 2020/1281 non-approval 06/10/2020 15/09/2020 link
azadirachtin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1293 approval 07/10/2020 16/09/2020 link
bromoxynil Corrigendum to Regulation (EU) 2020/1276 non-renewal 16/09/2020 16/09/2020 link
carbetamide Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
emamectin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
flurochloridone Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
gamma-cyhalothrin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
halosulfuron‐methyl Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
ipconazole Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
tembotrione Regulation (EU) 2020/1295 candidate for substitution 08/10/2020 17/09/2020 link
amidosulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
bifenox   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
chlorotoluron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
clofentezine X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
clomazone   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
cypermethrin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
daminozide   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
deltamethrin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
dicamba   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
difenoconazole X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
diflufenican   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fenoxaprop-P   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fenpropidin X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fludioxonil X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
flufenacet   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
fosthiazate X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
indoxacarb X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
lenacil   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
MCPA   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
MCPB   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
nicosulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
paraffin oils   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
picloram   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
prosulfocarb   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
sulphur X Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
triflusulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
tritosulfuron   Regulation (EU) 2020/1511 extension of approval period 20/10/2020 19/10/2020 link
thiophanate-methyl X Regulation (EU) 2020/1498 non-renewal 19/04/2021 16/10/2020 link
 


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